She fled to France in , never to return to Romania, but her daughter and son-in-law did not manage to escape. They were placed in detention for nearly nine years by the Communist government. The postwar years brought financial difficulties to Princess Bibesco. Then in her sixties, she was responsible for supporting her two grandsons while their parents were in captivity. She had no regular source of income after her estates in Romania were confiscated by the Communists.
In order to care for her family and live more comfortably, she sold family jewelry she had taken out of Romania. She also depended on the kindness of her wealthy friends. Writing became her livelihood rather than merely a lucrative hobby. Correspondence, handwritten and typed manuscripts, galleys and page proofs, notes, photographs, clippings, financial documents, ephemera, Napoleonic-era documents, and works by others comprise the Princess Marthe Bibesco Papers and document her life, writings, and associations with notable European authors, artists, and heads of state.
Numerous documents contained in this collection predate the birth of Princess Bibesco and were acquired through family inheritance. Correspondence, boxes , consists of correspondence between Bibesco and other correspondents; II. This series also includes the Rapetti Collection, a Napoleonic-era collection of letters, contracts, and proclamations, which were inherited by Princess Bibesco. The bulk of the Bibesco collection is correspondence in Series I.
Incoming and outgoing correspondence is interfiled and arranged alphabetically by correspondent. Also present are business letters between the Princess and various agents and publishers such as Plon, Knopf, Bernard Grasset, and others. Members of the extended Bibesco, Lahovary, and Ghika-Comanesti families with the same first names are identified by their relationship to the Princess, i.
ADVERTISEMENT TO THE THIRD EDITION.
An index of Princess Bibesco's correspondence is available in this finding aid. The arrangement of Bibesco's manuscripts in Series II. Works is alphabetical by title. Also covered here are various articles and essays Bibesco wrote for publication in periodicals such as the Saturday Evening Post, and unpublished ruminations and diaries. Found in the works series are numerous spiral notebooks possibly providing insight into the research and note taking that preceded her published works.
Also included is one large bound volume which once contained letters sent to her concering the publication of Le perroquet vert. Series III. These items include drawings, financial records, legal papers, postcards, photographs, receipts, contracts, a registry of Romanian births, blueprints, and souvenirs of her trip to the United States.
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Series IV. Correspondence, 11 boxes ; B.
Works by Others, 9 boxes ; and C. Third-party correspondence in Subseries A. It includes numerous letters between Valentine Ghika-Comanesti and others honoring the Princess after her death in It also contains a scrapbook with clippings of articles used for research or to document reviews of the Princess' various books.
The Rapetti Collection contains hundreds of certified copies of documents in the French National Archives Le centre historique des Archives nationales. The existence of the originals is now in some doubt, since they were removed from Paris during the German occupation and are believed to have been destroyed. The Rapetti Collection maintains its original order, though it is unclear what the assigned numeric sequence indicates. A sound recording of a radio interview of the Princess has been transferred to the Sound Recording Collection. In addition to gleaning information from the Princess' papers, the following biographical sources were consulted:.
Diesbach, Ghislain de. Paris: Perrin, Sutherland, Christine.
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Enchantress: Marthe Bibesco and Her World. Repository Browse List. Accessing Materials Described Here. Bagnold, Enid. Dedication of Alexander of Asia to Princess Bibesco -- Speech in the House of Commons -- L'Aigrette: Argument pour un Ballet -- Alexander of Asia -- Alexandre asiatique -- Au bal avec Marcel Proust -- Au jardin de Marcel Proust -- Catherine-Paris -- Cattleya -- Charlotte Ives -- Churchill ou le courage -- Le Destin de Lord Thomson of Cardington -- A Disappearing Race: Royalty -- Le Grand maulnes d'Alain Fournier -- Les Huit Paradis foreword for the new edition -- Jour d'Egypte -- Katia -- Katia film -- The King in the sarcophagus Le jeune homme dans le sarcophage -- Louison: Le bel amour du dernier roi de France -- Marcel Proust at the Ball foreword -- Marie Walewska: Napoleon's true love by Lucile Decaux -- Nathalie, la rose rouge par Lucile Decaux -- Vladimir Ghika] -- La Nymphe Europe -- Le perroquet vert -- Bibesco, Marthe, Quatre portraits I: Une victime royale, Ferdinand de Roumanie -- Quatre portraits IV: Souvenirs d'un volontaire -- Le rire de la Nayade: Trois contes -- Le roi des enfants -- Royal Portraits -- galley Bibesco, Marthe, Sergui the Pure scenario -- Sosso: le fils unique -- The Third Eagle -- Bibesco: a boy who once said: 'Why must I always be uprooted?
Twelve Queens I Have Known -- Unidentified works -- Bibesco, Marthe, The Veiled Wanderer foreword -- Votre robe, Marguerite!
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Churchill" -- L' Indifferent de Watteau -- Saint Antoine de Padoue -- Au Kronprinz -- Untitled -- Discours -- Comrade Prince foreword -- The Beginning of the End -- Swann in Love -- Notes -- Le pasage du Danube: -- Joan, Clorinde, Philomela -- Rubsel, Messages de l'Enfer " -- Color print of riders on horses, signed -- Now Sleeps the Crimson Petal -- Old Europe's Suicide -- Smaranda -- Souvenirs -- Finnish Poem "The Stars," translated into English -- Army reforms were at once undertaken, and measures were initiated in France to place the armament and equipment of the troops on a level with the requirements of the times.
The chassepot, a new breech-loading rifle, immensely superior to the Prussian needle-gun, was issued; the artillery trains were thoroughly overhauled, and a new machine-gun, the mitrailleuse , from which much was expected, introduced. Wide schemes of reorganization due mainly to Marshal Niel were set in motion, and, since these required time to mature, recourse was had to foreign alliances in the hope of delaying the impending rupture.
Italy was also to be included in the alliance, and it was agreed that in case of hostilities the French armies should concentrate in northern Bavaria, where the Austrians and Italians were to join them, and the whole immense army thus formed should march via Jena on Berlin. To what extent Austria and Italy committed themselves to this scheme remains uncertain, but that the emperor Napoleon believed in their bona fides is beyond doubt. On these lines plans for the strategic deployment of the Prussian army were prepared by the General Staff and kept up to date year by year as fresh circumstances e.
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The campaign was actually opened on a revise of , to which was added, on the 6th of May , a secret memorandum for the General Staff. Under the German organization then existing the preliminary to all active operations was of necessity full and complete mobilization. But no such delay imposed itself of necessity upon the French, and a vigorous offensive was so much Strategic deployment of the German armies.
On the whole, Moltke concluded that the enemy could not undertake this offensive before the eighth day after mobilization.
Since, however, the transport of the bulk of the Prussian forces could not begin till the ninth day, their ultimate line of detrainment need not be fixed until the French plans were disclosed, and, as it was important to strike at the earliest moment possible, the deployment was provisionally fixed to be beyond the Rhine on the line Wittlich-Neunkirchen-Landau.
Of the thirteen North German corps three had to be left behind to guard the eastern frontier and the coast, one other, the VIII. These ten corps were grouped in three armies, and as the French might violate Belgian neutrality or endeavour to break into southern Germany, two corps Prussian Guard and Saxon XII.
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If Belgian neutrality remained unmolested, the reserve would join the III. As in this wheel the army on the right formed the pivot and was required only to stand fast, two corps only were allotted to it; two corps for the present formed the III. When 16thth July the South German states decided to throw in their lot with the rest, their three corps were allotted to the III. On the French side no such plan of operations was in existence when on the night of the 15th of July Krieg mobil was telegraphed all over Prussia.
An outline scheme had indeed been prepared as a basis for agreement with Austria and Positions of the French forces. Italy, but practically no details were fixed, and the troops were without transport and supplies. Nevertheless, since speed was the essence of the contract, the troops 7 were hurried up without waiting for their reserves, and delivered, as Moltke had foreseen, just where the lie of the railways and convenience of temporary supply dictated, and the Prussian Intelligence Department was able to inform Moltke on the 22nd of July seventh day of mobilization that the French stood from right to left in the following order, on or near the frontier:.
If therefore they began a forward movement on the 23rd eighth day the case foreseen by Moltke had arisen, and it became necessary to detrain the II. Without waiting for further confirmation of this intelligence, Moltke, with the consent of the king, altered the arrangements accordingly, a decision which, though foreseen, exercised the gravest influence on the course of events.
As it happened this decision was premature, for the French could not yet move. Supply trains had to be organized by requisition from the inhabitants, and even arms and ammunition procured for such reserves as had succeeded in joining. But the French generals were unequal to their responsibilities. To meet this pressing danger, which came to his knowledge during the course of the 29th, Moltke sent a confidential staff officer, Colonel v.
Verdy du Vernois, to the III. Fortunately for the Germans, the French intelligence service not only failed to inform the staff of this extraordinary opportunity, but it allowed itself to be hypnotized by the most amazing rumours. In imagination they saw armies of , men behind every forest, and, to guard against these dangers, the French troops were marched and counter-marched along the frontiers in the vain hope of discovering an ideal defensive position which should afford full scope to the power of their new weapons.