The children need to understand the limited view the ancient Greeks and Romans had of the earth, This will enable them to grasp how a culture could believe in gods, goddesses, and monsters, The view that the earth is flat, carried well into the 's A. The concept that the gods live in the sky carried over into our modern religious worship and beliefs, as does the notion in ancient times of the underworld Tartarus with the concept we use today hell.
In the lesson plan section, I will give an example of how this section might be started with the children. In the plan, I will also include sample activities and questions that could be put on index cards and used for individualized work. The children can learn how Zeus became ruler of the gods and the battles they had among each other. In this way they will gain an insight into the inner workings of Olympus.
The Golden Age 8 under Cronus could be used as an example to compare with the age in which the children are living. The readings from D'Aulaire will lead the children to two rulers who fled when they realized their time of power was over, Cronus and Uranus. It would prove an interesting task to have the children guess and come to some conclusions as to where they went.
Examples of activities to be placed on the index cards might might include: 1 What kind of gods became powerful in mythology? Whom would you make the ruler of the gods? Heroes Language Arts and reading Objectives The child will be able to: 1. What are some of the qualities that separate these men from other mortals? As we read the myths, why do we find very little information concerning the average man?. What is a hero? Teachers can use these and other questions to stimulate the children's interest in a study of heroes in Greek and woman mythology.
In using this unit,and in particular this section, there will be little motivation needed, The story of Heracles 10 is a prime example of a hero whose life was influenced by the gods, chiefly Zeus who tried to protect him from Hera and Hera who despised him. The teacher can introduce the myth, starting with the lineage of Heracles, an important part of the myth, The children can begin some independent work on index cards, and small group and oral reading can accompany a discussion at the end of the lesson.
The twelve labors can be a source of lively discussion with many relevant concepts brought in: ridding the earth of monsters, evil in ancient times, atoning for a wrong one has committed, and jealousy as displayed by Eurysthes, King of Mycenae. Taking the ninth labor from Silverthorne's I, Heracles, The Girdle of Hippolyta , a story excellently told in the first person I will demonstrate questions the teacher may put on the index cards or use for class discussion. Assignment: Read The Girdle of Hippolyta, pp.
What were Hera's motives? What kind of person was Laomedon, King of Troy? An example of a nature myth is the story of Proserpine 12 which attempts to explain the four seasons. In the myth, the Romans, copying an earlier Greek myth, detailed the abduction of Proserpine by Pluto. Suggestions for questions and activities are: 1 Why did Pluto carry Proserpine off? The hierarchy of the gods becomes very prominent as the teacher, along with the class, continues a study of mythology.
The unpredictable, quick tempered, vain, and jealous gods also used me as pawns to "get even" with one another or provoke other gods into action.
Pandora and Prometheus
The children should be shown examples of how the gods were child-like when they could not get their way or were arguing with each other, The teacher should also remind the class tat it was the mortals who ultimately paid the price for this behavior, Bomer, rose, and Ovid would be a particularly good source of stories.
One example of this type of anger and jealousy among the gods and goddesses is shown in the story The Apple of Discord , 14 his story reveals the vanity of the goddesses and can lead the teacher into a discussion of one of the greatest stories in Greek history, The Trojan War. Samples of what the teacher can put on an index card for this story are: 1 Did Paris really have a choice or was his fate already sealed?
The Fairest omen Man? The story of Artemis20 will serve as an example to show show the gods and goddesses took their anger out on mortals who offended them, Actaeon, for Just seeing Artemis bathing, was changed into a stag and killed by his own dogs. Questions and activities in this area and on this particular story might include: 1 What did Artemis do to Actaeon and why?
How was Artemis described? What were some of the emotions Artemis displayed in her reaction to being seen? The stories of Apollo and Daphne , 22 and Pyramus and Thisbe , 23 show the tragic nature that love can have. Pygmalion , 24 is a myth where love has a happy ending, with the hero's creation being brought to life, In the story of Castor and Pollux , 25 two brothers,l the love that they shared for one another would be a good theme to discuss and pursue with the children. How could I forget to mention one of the most famous love stories in mythology, Cupid and Psyshe. Hero and Leander , 27 whose love went to the extreme of Hero killing herself on learning of Leander's death, gives the teacher a sample of the variety of directions that can be taken in this topic, love.
I will use the example of Orpheus and Eurydice 28 to show how this section may be implemented in the classroom, Orpheus, having lost Eurydice, was determined to return her to life and almost succeeded through his singing and his determination, However, at the last moment he failed hen he looked back. This story can lead to a discussion in the class concerning failure, sorrow, or the loss of a loved one, Children can share their experiences of loss and how they felt compared to Orpheus.
Some activities and questions for the index cards may include: 1 hat human qualities did Pluto exhibit? Vocabulary figure available in print form Footnotes 1. Charlotte S. Huck and Doris Y. Kuhn, Children's Literature in the Elementary School , p. Performance Objectives City of New Haven. Thomas Bulfinch, A Book of Myths , pp. Rose, A Handbook of Greek Mythology , pp. D'Aulaire, pp. Rose, pp. Elizebeth Silverthorne, I, Heracles , passim.
Bulfinch, pp. Homer, The Odyssey , passim. Silverthorne, passim. Lesson Plan 1 Note: This lesson plan might be used to start the unit on mythology and is a sample plan for the section on the Greek World which it is recommended should be covered first. Fun Classroom Activities differ from Daily Lessons because they make "fun" a priority.
The 20 enjoyable, interactive classroom activities that are included will help students understand Theogony and Works and Days in fun and entertaining ways. Fun Classroom Activities include group projects, games, critical thinking activities, brainstorming sessions, writing poems, drawing or sketching, and countless other creative exercises.
- The Smart Résumé Book?
- Hesoid's Theogony and Works and Days Discussion Questions.
- Theogony and Works and Days by Hesiod?
- Laffirmation de lÉtat absolu 1492-1652 (Carré Histoire de la France t. 21) (French Edition).
- HESIOD -- Works and Days & Theogony (Tr. Stanley Lombardo, ) | Homer | Muse!
Many of the activities encourage students to interact with each other, be creative and think "outside of the box," and ultimately grasp key concepts from the text by "doing" rather than simply studying. Fun activities are a great way to keep students interested and engaged while still providing a deeper understanding of Theogony and Works and Days and its themes. Students should have a full understanding of the unit material in order to answer these questions. They often include multiple parts of the work and ask for a thorough analysis of the overall text.
They nearly always require a substantial response. Essay responses are typically expected to be one or more page s and consist of multiple paragraphs, although it is possible to write answers more briefly. These essays are designed to challenge a student's understanding of the broad points in a work, interactions among the characters, and main points and themes of the text.
But, they also cover many of the other issues specific to the work and to the world today. The 60 Short Essay Questions listed in this section require a one to two sentence answer. They ask students to demonstrate a deeper understanding of Theogony and Works and Days by describing what they've read, rather than just recalling it.
The short essay questions evaluate not only whether students have read the material, but also how well they understand and can apply it.
Playing Zeus: Reproductive Technology and Lessons from Hesiod
They require more thought than multiple choice questions, but are shorter than the essay questions. The Multiple Choice Questions in this lesson plan will test a student's recall and understanding of Theogony and Works and Days. Use these questions for quizzes, homework assignments or tests. The questions are broken out into sections, so they focus on specific chapters within Theogony and Works and Days. This allows you to test and review the book as you proceed through the unit.
Typically, there are questions per chapter, act or section. Use the Oral Reading Evaluation Form when students are reading aloud in class.
- How to Write a Story.
- Die entlaufene Braut (German Edition);
- Theogony / Works and Days by Hesiod.
- Schöne neue Fernsehwelt: Phoenix das neue Programm auf dem deutschen Fernsehmarkt (German Edition)!
- The Big Jiggety : or The Return of The Kind of American.
- We are Minnesota?
Pass the forms out before you assign reading, so students will know what to expect. You can use the forms to provide general feedback on audibility, pronunciation, articulation, expression and rate of speech. You can use this form to grade students, or simply comment on their progress. Use the Writing Evaluation Form when you're grading student essays. This will help you establish uniform criteria for grading essays even though students may be writing about different aspects of the material.
By following this form you will be able to evaluate the thesis, organization, supporting arguments, paragraph transitions, grammar, spelling, punctuation, etc. They pull questions from the multiple choice and short essay sections, the character and object descriptions, and the chapter abstracts to create worksheets that can be used for pop quizzes, in-class assignments and homework. Periodic homework assignments and quizzes are a great way to encourage students to stay on top of their assigned reading. They can also help you determine which concepts and ideas your class grasps and which they need more guidance on.