PDF Vie de M. Descartes - Volume 1, La (French Edition)

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Showing Average rating 3. Rating details. All Languages. More filters. Sort order. Start your review of Vie de Monsieur Descartes. J rated it liked it Sep 08, Riccardo rated it really liked it Feb 01, Elie added it Jul 25, Carmel Ramos marked it as to-read Mar 09, Elli Beauty marked it as to-read Mar 07, Felixdjervens marked it as to-read Oct 26, Adelphi Edizioni added it Dec 05, Nicola Misani added it Apr 17, Raffaele Castagno marked it as to-read Apr 09, Ibrahim Mattar marked it as to-read Apr 17, Farhad A.

Cartesian Skepticism - Neo, Meet Rene: Crash Course Philosophy #5

Chiara Piras marked it as to-read Jul 29, Federico Amico added it Jul 31, There are no discussion topics on this book yet. About Adrien Baillet. Adrien Baillet. Books by Adrien Baillet. Trivia About Vita di Monsieur No trivia or quizzes yet. It is true that Bayle attempts to refute Spinoza though some have doubted the sincerity of his intentions but unlikely that so much space would be dedicated to refuting a neglected philosopher—unlikely, indeed, that Spinoza's relevance would wane once this high-profile entry had been published about him.

Zedler 's Grosses Universal Lexikon —54 gives a similar impression, devoting to Spinoza a five-page discussion. Descartes, by comparison, is discussed in one page. Hume, Locke, Hobbes, and Plato are equally dealt with in one page or less each. Diderot and J. The attention they devoted to Spinoza ensured him a place at the heart of Enlightenment debate. It would be impossible for any educated reader to avoid contact with Spinoza's ideas. It would be easy for every metaphysician to get a grasp on the system of the Ethics.

And it would be tempting, for every philosophically inclined thinker, to read Spinoza for themselves. Melamed: " Spinoza's teachings were already known outside of Holland during the final years of his life [approximately in his late 30s to early 40s]. So fast did his fame spread that at a time when no Jew could occupy an academic position in Central and Western Europe he was invited to fill the chair of philosophy in the University of Heidelberg [], one of the most important seats of learning of the time in Germany.

Wodehouse , William Wordsworth , Irvin D. Note that in his book Story of Philosophy , Will Durant called Spinoza "the greatest of modern philosophers,". Retrieved 11 January Yitzhak Y. Melamed : "Spinoza is a highly systematic thinker, but still I do not think I can offer a single key for all things Spinozistic. A philosopher who received five times more attention than Descartes or Locke in Bayle 's Dictionnaire , Diderot and J.

During what was clearly a transformational period, he used his time in Holland to talk with other independent thinkers who had been hounded into exile by the governments and churches of their own countries.

Descartes's ‘morale par provision’: A Re-evaluation | French Studies | Oxford Academic

Although Spinoza was dead, Locke certainly met many of the philosopher's admirers and enemies. He was well acquainted with nonconformist Protestant Collegiants, and his later writings would advocate complete toleration for all forms of Protestantism. At the time of Locke's death, his library contained all of Spinoza's published works as well as many political and religious disputations, in many languages, in which Spinoza's ideas were vigorously debated.

Locke, like Hobbes , Adam Smith , and David Hume , is much more widely recognized than Spinoza in the United States as an influence upon the Enlightenment views of the American founders, but the more radical Spinoza's voice can be heard in both the Declaration of Independence and the Bill of Rights.

Research interests

It is not surprising that Thomas Jefferson 's library contained Spinoza's collected works, which were more readily available at the end of the eighteenth century than in Locke's time. Selected, with Introduction and Commentary. Oriens Extremus 22 1 : 29— New York: W. Matthew Stewart : "[When Leibniz and Spinoza met in The Hague in ] The encounter between the two greatest philosophers of the seventeenth century in fact extended over several days. From a letter Leibniz posted to the Duke of Hanover's secretary from Holland, it is possible to infer that the courtier arrived in The Hague on or before November 18 and remained for at least three days and possibly as much as one week.

Leibniz later told his Parisian friend Gallois that he had conversed with Spinoza "many times and at great length". New York: Oxford University Press, Before visiting Holland, Leibniz lived for a while in Paris, where he met Baron Ehrenfried Walter von Tschirnhaus , one of Spinoza's most acute correspondents. L'immagine di Spinoza in Germania da Leibniz a Marx.

And besides, one could certainly maintain that Mr. Schelling borrowed more from Spinoza than Hegel borrowed from Schelling. If Spinoza is some day liberated from his rigid, antiquated Cartesian, mathematical form and made accessible to a large public, we shall perhaps see that he, more than any other, might complain about the theft of ideas. Here we come to the main point of the German Philosophy of Identity, which in essence differs in no way from the doctrine of Spinoza.

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No matter how violently Mr. Schelling may protest that his philosophy is different from Spinozism, that it is rather "a living amalgam of the ideal and the real," that it differs from Spinozism "as the perfection of Greek sculpture differs from the rigid Egyptian originals," nevertheless I must declare most emphatically that in his earlier period, when he was still a philosopher, Mr.

Schelling did not differ in the slightest from Spinoza. He merely arrived at the same philosophy by a different path. I shall illustrate this later when I tell how Kant entered on a new path, how Fichte followed him, how Mr. Schelling in turn continued in Fichte's footsteps and, wandering lost in the forest darkness of nature philosophy, finally found himself face to face with the great figure of Spinoza. The first element is metaphysically disguised nature separated from man; the second is metaphysically disguised spirit separated from nature; the third is the metaphysically disguised unity of both, real man and the real human species.

In consequence of the Kantian criticism of all speculative theology, the philosophisers of Germany almost all threw themselves back upon Spinoza, so that the whole series of futile attempts known by the name of the post-Kantian philosophy are simply Spinozism tastelessly dressed up, veiled in all kinds of unintelligible language, and otherwise distorted In Hegel, Spinoza reached the height of his influence upon the German mind. Hegel was the most influential, although not the most original, German philosopher since the days of Kant. His system was more an absorption of other systems than an original creation.

Therein lies the secret of his influence.

List of works about Baruch Spinoza

He brought all the philosophical tendencies and moods of his time to a conclusion. With him the pantheism of his period attained its highest development and became the conscious and necessary connection of the mind and the world. During his entire philosophical career, Hegel constantly wrestled with Spinoza and for a time was entirely in his clutches. It was while under this influence that Hegel said that in order to refute Spinoza one must first accept him.

In his lectures on the history of philosophy he says, "That Spinoza is the main point in modern philosophy, it is either Spinozism or no philosophy at all. In his later years, however, when he became more conservative, he changed his attitude toward Spinoza. Spinoza's absolute monism, reviving the early Greek philosophers, provides Hegel with the necessary substrate and beginning of all philosophy.

Beiser : "Hegel turned fully to Spinoza only in his early Jena years during his collaboration with Schelling, who had been especially inspired by Spinoza, and who, even during his Fichtean phase, declared himself to be a Spinozist. But Hegel's turning toward Spinozism was not simply the result of Schelling's influence. It fitted hand-in-glove with his own intention to find some rational foundation for his organic vision.

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After all, there were some deep affinities between Spinoza's doctrines and Hegel's mystical pantheism; Hegel could only have admired Spinoza's monism, his immanent religion, and his intellectual love of God. It was indeed Spinoza who had first attempted to find a rational foundation and technical vocabulary for such doctrines.

It is no accident, then, that we find Hegel's first metaphysical writings in the Jena years replete with Spinozist vocabulary and full of sympathetic references to Spinoza.

He later professes his own Spinozism in bold terms. For as we saw above, when man begins to philosophize, the soul must commence by bathing in this ether of the One Substance in which all that man has held as true has disappeared. Wirth : "Right from the beginning, Spinoza was a decisive philosopher for Schelling. This may now sound like yet another dusty little truth in the museums and archives of philosophy, but in Schelling's day, to embrace Spinoza was to dance with the devil and pantheism was the witches' brew served at this demonic party.


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Eine Untersuchung zur metaphysischen Wirkungsgeschichte des Spinozismus in Deutschland. Indeed, it is important and interesting to study the question of whether there is something in common between the philosophical ideas of Marx and Engels on the one hand, and Spinoza's on the other.


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That conviction, incidentally, is based on Engels's personal testimony. For almost a whole week, I had the pleasure of having long talks with him on a variety of practical and theoretical subjects. When, on one occasion, we were discussing philosophy, Engels sharply condemned what Stern had most inaccurately called "naturphilosophische materialism". Note that in saying this, Feuerbach stands close to Spinoza, whose philosophy he was already setting forth with great sympathy at the time his own breakaway from idealism was taking shape, that is, when he was writing his history of modern philosophy.

And it was the standpoint of this kind of Spinozism, which Feuerbach had freed of its theological pendant, that Marx and Engels adopted when they broke with idealism. However, disencumbering Spinozism of its theological appendage meant revealing its true and materialist content. Consequently, the Spinozism of Marx and Engels was indeed materialism brought up to date.

The radical young Hegelians brought man back to Spinoza's natura from what they saw as the abstract heights of Hegel's Geist , and proclaimed a unity of spirit and matter which was considered an essential Spinozistic principle and which led some of them to socialist conclusions. Unquestionably, Feuerbach thought of himself in the same terms.